The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands organized the 13thSession of its Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP13) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, from 20 to 29 October 2018. The Conference focused on the theme “Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future”, which highlighted the important role played by wetlands in making cities livable. Once more, the Ramsar COP13 aimed at assessing the progress in the implementation of the Convention, negotiating 26 draft resolutions, and considering emerging issues and priority actions.
The COP13 was attended by more than 1,300 participants including delegates of the 170 Contracting Parties to the Convention, international and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), experts on wetland-related issues, observers and visitors.
The Mediterranean Agora:
The Agora was a space dedicated to the Mediterranean community of Contracting Parties, partners and observers at Ramsar COP13 mounted in the area dedicated to exhibitions.
During the entire Conference, MedWet and its different partners especially Tour du Valat and MEDSEA Foundation, were delighted to receive in the Agora people of different ages and nationalities. They were brought together by one idea: loving wetlands and trying to improve their status. We spoke with them and listened to their aspirations and ideas to protect wetlands worldwide.
The visitors included delegates from different countries who came to learn about our projects, actions, realizations, and tools related to wetland conservation.
The Ramsar Wetland Conservation Awards 2018
The Ramsar Wetland Conservation Awards 2018 recognized and honored the achievements of several people, organizations and governments from around the world for their efforts in the conservation and wise use of wetlands. On Monday evening, 22 October, the Ramsar Secretariat presented the Ramsar Wetland Conservation Awards, honoring, for wise use of wetlands, the Spanish organization Fundación Global Nature for its efforts to restore the La Nava Lagoon, a 2,200 hectares steppe lagoon that was drained in 1968.The restoration of the La Nava Lagoon is one of the most important milestones in the history of Spanish conservation work. After the recovery, La Nava has become again an internationally important nature reserve and resting place for migratory birds. 225 species of birds have been counted – among them 50 % of the species living in Spain. Since its inception the Fundación Global Nature has conserved and restored a total of 14,000 hectares of wetlands. It has worked on more than 100 wetlands in Spain, eight of which are Ramsar Sites. Read more about the Wetland Conservation Awards 2018 here.
The Wetland City Accreditation
During COP13, the Ramsar Convention awarded for the first time Wetland City Accreditation to 18 cities that have taken exceptional steps to safeguard their urban or peri-urban wetlands. These pioneer cities will serve as examples and inspire deliberate actions for other cities towards sustainable urbanization. More Wetland City Accreditations should be presented at the next Ramsar COP in 2021.
The city Ghar el Melh (Bizerte, Tunisia) was one of the recipients of the Wetland City Accreditation Award. This Award is the result of cooperation between the Directorate General of Forests of the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture, WWF North Africa, and the local community of Ghar el Melh, with the support of the Ramsar Secretariat and the MedWet Initiative. For more details, read our article “Ghar El Melh (Tunisia) first Arab and North African “Wetland City” here: http://bit.ly/2PyshzI
In this context a side event was organised on 26th October about “Wetland city accreditation: a planning tool for sustainable cities, Case of Ghar el Melh” by WWF North Africa and the General Directorate of Forestry of Tunisia.
Mr Paul Ouedraogo from the Ramsar Secretariat explained the challenges faced in the process of establishing the Wetland City Accreditation and recalled the lobbying done at the national and international levels until the adoption of the procedure by the Ramsar Convention at the previous Ramsar COP12 in 2015. He also highlighted the important work and support of the Tunisian Government, WWF North Africa, and the MedWet Initiative to this long-term procedure since 2012.Ms Sana Mzoughi from WWF North Africa gave an overview of the creation and the history of the “Wetland City Accreditation” of the Ramsar Convention, a Resolution that was initiated by the Tunisian government through the official representation of its focal point(the DGF), and supported by the Republic of Korea. She also focused on the case of Ghar el Melh, the city which inspired the origin of the creation of the “Wetland City label”.
For more information, please contact Sana Mzoughi, Cultures and Landscapes project officer at WWF North Africa at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The side event provided the opportunity to hear a brief presentation by Ms Imen Rais, Freshwater project officer at WWF North Africa, on the project “GEMWET – Conservation and sustainable development of coastal wetlands with high ecological value: the case of Ghar el Melh, Tunisia“, funded by the MAVA Foundation and coordinated by WWF North Africa. The project aims tocontribute to the economic, sociocultural and ecological development of the Ghar El Melh region through the establishment of an integrated management system of available resources and good management practices. Ultimately, a participatory and integrated local governance system will preserve the precious Ghar el Melh lagoon. Learn more about the project here: http://bit.ly/Gemwet_En
The French cities of Amiens, Courteranges, Pont Audemer and Saint Omer were among the 18 cities that received the Wetlands City Accreditation.
“In the face of climate change, our collective response is an absolute necessity. In every territory, we need to mobilize and act concretely, and Ramsar is an essential means of action“, reminds Michel Leroux, Mayor of Pont-Audemer. Brigitte Fouré, Mayor of Amiens went further and said: “One of the interests of this label is to bring together cities from around the world that have the same concern to protect wetlands. We intend to create a club. It were Corea and Tunisia that initiated the idea. This club would allow us to discuss good practices in this area. ”
Discover the 4 cities awarded here:
- Amiens, dans la Somme: https://youtu.be/tHOq4Fts888
- Courteranges, dans l’Aube: https://youtu.be/sdOG9arxOrw
- Pont-Audemer, dans l’Eure : https://youtu.be/0zNGuVMQ6do
- Saint-Omer, dans le Pas-de-Calais : https://youtu.be/bljM8V-Ggfs
Read more about the Wetland City Accreditation Award here.
Cultural approaches to wise use of wetlands – past, present and future
During the COP13, Tunisia, also on behalf of Burkina Faso and Senegal, presented the draft resolution on “Cultural Values, Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Wetlands”. The Tunisian delegate highlighted the vital importance of wetlands to human well-being, livelihoods, and food security, noting the existence of economically disadvantaged geographical zones that are particularly vulnerable to climate change. The Resolution was adopted by the meeting.
On 23 October, Dr. Gordana Beltram, the outgoing Chair of the MedWet Steering Group, and Chris Rostron from Wetland Link International opened the side event ”The cultural approaches to wise use of wetlands– past, present and future”. The event aimed at celebrating the powerful role that cultural values and communities can play in improving conservation outcomes for wetlands. It also highlighted the achievements of the MAVA funded project ”Conservation of the natural and cultural heritage in wetlands: Global leadership for an integrated approach through the Ramsar Convention”.
Enhancing the Conservation of the Mediterranean Coastal Wetlands
During COP13, the draft resolution on promoting the conservation and wise use of intertidal wetlands and ecologically associated habitats was also adopted. This Resolution is very pertinent for MedWet, which is leading the “Off Your Map” communication campaign, funded by the MAVA Foundation, to conserve coastal wetlands in the Mediterranean region.
On 24 October, the MAVA Foundation opened the side event “Enhancing the Conservation of the Mediterranean Coastal Wetlands“, organised by MedWet, with an overview of the Coastal Wetlands Conservation Program in the Mediterranean region. Jean Jalbert, from Tour du Valat, highlighted the important support from the MAVA Foundation and paid tribute to the Foundation not only for being a generous private donor but also for mobilizing the Mediterranean community around the conservation and wise management of Mediterranean coastal wetlands.
Mr Thanos Giannakakis from WWF Greece presented the Mediterranean Wetlands Island network (MedIsWet) during the side event. He provided an overview on the historical aspects of the project, described its main objectives and focused on the progress achieved on the ground by the 13 project partners.
At the same side event, the Mediterranean Sea and Coast Foundation (MEDSEA) presented the MARISTANIS project to protect coastal wetlands in Sardinia, its objectives, and its one-year progress, and focused on the MAVA Foundation initiatives related to coastal wetlands. The project aims to achieve an integrated and shared governance for the six Ramsar Sites of the region and the sustainable management of each of them. Several activities designed to preserve biodiversity, reduce the impact of human activities, and enhance the cultural heritage have been implemented during the first year. The most important result, however, has been the effective engagement and the participation of local actors and the new interest in wetlands in the whole Sardinia region.
Official launch of the new report “Monitoring the status and trends of wetlands in the Mediterranean region: the Mediterranean Wetlands Outlook 2″
Jean Jalbert, Director General of La Tour du Valat, Gordana Beltram, the outgoing Chair of the MedWet Steering Group, and Paul Ouedraogo, from the Ramsar Convention Secretariat, opened the side event “Monitoring the status and trends of wetlands in the Mediterranean region: the Mediterranean Wetlands Outlook 2” to officially launch the new report ‘’Mediterranean Wetlands Outlook 2’’ on the state, challenges, perspectives and solutions for sustainable Mediterranean wetlands.
The Mediterranean Wetland Outlooks are unique reports of the Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory (MWO) functioning under the umbrella of Tour du Valat and the Mediterranean Wetlands Initiative, MedWet. On 25 October, the second edition was launched, allowing scientists for the first time to go beyond a baseline assessment and identify trends over time. The Mediterranean Wetlands Outlook 2 (MWO2) depicted a grim picture of the current situation, with a loss of natural wetland habitats being higher in the Mediterranean basin than the global average: 48% versus 36 %, respectively. This is also reflected in biodiversity with 36% of the wetland species being threatened in the Mediterranean basin versus 25% worldwide. Mediterranean Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention have, however, continued their efforts to protect Mediterranean wetlands and have further designated another 660,000 hectares of Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites) since 2012.
During the side event, several countries such as Albania, Algeria, France, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey indicated their appreciation for the work undertaken to produce the MWO2. The real challenge now is to implement sustainable management plans and follow the recommendation of the report to use wetlands to make progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals and mitigate climate change impacts.
The report is available here: http://bit.ly/MEDWetlandsOutlook2-launch
Earth Observation (EO), a game changer for Ramsar Contracting Parties
On 26 October, the European Space Agency (ESA) organised a side event “Earth Observation (EO), a game changer for Ramsar Contracting Parties”. The event aimed at informing the Ramsar community on the latest EO developments and on the availability of data sets, methods and tools that can support the development of wetland observatories. These EO data sets and tools were illustrated with practical examples that showcased the effectiveness of EO approaches. The event also contained a story line addressing first the policy drivers (the Ramsar Convention and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)), summarising the existing and forthcoming satellite assets, presenting the new EO global data sets (Global Surface Waters, Global Mangrove Watch), and highlighting national best practices in Albania, Algeria, Rwanda, and Uganda. It also presented a number of EO tools and platforms (GlobWetland-Africa and SWOS), introduced the GEO-Wetlands collaborative framework for international cooperation, and summarised the EO opportunities and challenges for the Parties to the Ramsar Convention, with an outlook of future plans.
Download the presentation here.
Good news for the Arabic world
During the COP13, the draft resolution on language strategy for the Convention was adopted with the support of Arabic-speaking countries such as Algeria, Libya, Jordan, Oman, Tunisia, the UAE and others, recalling that Arabic is one of the official UN languages and that the strategy will further enhance public awareness in the Arab region. Ms Hela Guidara, from Tunisia, expressed the support of her country for the adoption of Arabic as a working language of the Ramsar Convention and recalled the important role of the MedWet Initiative in the diffusion of wetland news in Arabic through its social media and its website.
About the RamsarConvention
About the Ramsar COP13 in Dubai
Summary of Ramsar COP13: http://enb.iisd.org/vol17/enb1748e.html
The side-events program HERE.
The Agenda and Draft Resolutions that were discussed and adopted during COP13 here